1. The Marxism of Rosa Luxemburg. Class Consciousness. Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat. I The Phenomenon of Reification. Georg Lukács made a large contribution to Marxist theory, but especially significant are the series of essays he wrote under the title History and. Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat () Proletariat · I. The Phenomenon of Reification › Tags. Georg Lukacs · Marxism.

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Thus the universality of the commodity form is responsible both objectively and subjectively for the abstraction of the human labour incorporated in commodities.

In capitalism, the activity of workers is reduced to a completely quantifiable process.

Georg Lukács – ‘Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat’ | An Empty Flight

One example must suffice here:. Continued exchange and more regular reproduction for exchange reduces this arbitrariness more and more. For Ricardo the process of the total reproduction of capital where this problem cannot be avoided is no longer a central issue. The essence of commodity-structure has often been pointed out.

Hence the consciousness of the true nature of a social system based on the sale of commodities is for the proletariat at the same time a consciousness of self. Overcoming the limits of contradictory consciousness But is it possible for human beings to overcome this narrowness, to transcend immediacy? The distinction between a society where this form is dominant, permeating every expression of life, and a society where it only makes an episodic appearance is essentially one of quality.

It is rather something that becomes all the more apparent the more science has advanced and the more consistently it functions from the point of view of its own premises.

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This unity expressed itself in the fact that the problems of consciousness arising from wage-labour were repeated in the ruling class in a refined and spiritualised, but, for that very reason, more intensified form. In the next few sentences Lukacs moves to tie this definition— and the two conceptions of reification it grounds— to the methodology he utilizes in the reification essay.


Reification (Marxism)

From these ontological commitments, it follows that the existence of the social totality depends on the intentionality which guides individual acts of labor and vice versa see Tertullian You are commenting using your Twitter account.

To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. On this view, the externalization of the social is not problematic in itself. The more highly developed it becomes and the more scientific, the more it will become a formally closed system of partial laws.

By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. The result of this analysis is a conception of the work of art as an ideal of homogeneous unity of form and material. In both cases, art turns against life. What is at issue here, however, is the question: For man, however, the root is man himself.

Objectively a world of objects and relations between things springs into being the world of commodities and their movements on the market. Nor shall we consider its implications for the economic doctrines of the vulgar ;roletariat which follow teification their abandonment of this starting-point. And if this process is expanded-which includes increased productive consumption of the means of production-this reproduction of capital may be accompanied by increased individual consumption hence demand on the part of the labourers, since this process is initiated and effected by productive consumption.

Though the concept of reification is used in Das Kapital by Marx, Althusser finds in it an important influence from the similar concept of alienation developed in the early The German Ideology and in the Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of Mirror Sites View this site from another server: The concept is related to, but distinct from, Marx’s theories of alienation and commodity fetishism.

Create a free website or blog at WordPress. He attempts to synthesize these two types through his interpretation of fetishism as reification. These include a criticism of: Marx goes on to make a number of very fine observations about the effects of reification upon language.


Thus the extent to which such exchange is the dominant form of metabolic change in a society reificatuon simply be treated in quantitative terms – as would harmonise with the modern modes of thought already eroded by the reifying effects of the dominant commodity form. It is obviously not possible here to give an analysis of the whole economic structure of capitalism.

Georg [György] Lukács

The capitalist process of rationalisation based on private economic calculation requires that every manifestation of life shall exhibit this very interaction between details geification are subject to laws and a totality ruled by chance. Towards a New Philosophy. Quality no longer matters. It is at the same time the product of the capitalist division of labour.

This development leads into a contradictory situation both on the practical and the theoretical level: This results in an inhuman, standardised division of labour analogous to that which we have found in industry on the technological and mechanical plane.

The revolutionary bourgeois class refused to admit that a legal relationship had a valid foundation merely because it existed in fact. This goes hand in hand with the union in time and space of special operations that are related to a set of heterogeneous use-values.

Where tne commodity is universal it manifests itself differently from the commodity as a particular, isolated, non-dominant phenomenon. Furthermore, there was no gap between individual consciousness and objectified meaning in the world that would have required the individual to project meaning onto the world.

The social relation is consummated in the relation of a thing, of money, to itself.